The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a constitutional body in India that is responsible for conducting various civil service examinations. It was established under Article 315 of the Constitution of India. The UPSC's primary role is to recruit candidates for various prestigious positions in the government, including the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and several other central services.
The UPSC conducts the Civil Services Examination (CSE) annually, which is one of the most competitive and sought-after examinations in India. The CSE is a three-stage examination consisting of the Preliminary Examination (objective type), the Main Examination (written), and the Personality Test (interview). Successful candidates in the CSE are appointed to different civil services based on their ranks and preferences.
In addition to the Civil Services Examination, the UPSC also conducts several other examinations such as the Combined Defense Services Examination (CDSE), National Defense Academy (NDA) Examination, Engineering Services Examination (ESE), Combined Medical Services Examination (CMSE), and many more.
The UPSC plays a crucial role in maintaining the merit-based selection process for various administrative, police, and foreign services, ensuring that candidates with the right skills and abilities are recruited for these positions. The commission conducts examinations, sets the syllabus, releases notifications, conducts interviews, and publishes the final results of the selected candidates.